HELMETS

  • Most States have laws requiring a helmet for children       
>/ 1year old while riding a bike 



CHOKING HAZARDS

FOOD

"Hard, round foods with high elasticity and/or lubricity properties, 
pose a significant risk" 

  • RISKY FOODS: whole grapes & olives, hotdogs & chewy meat, peanuts/nuts & seeds, hard & sticky candy, raw carrots & apples, popcorn, clumps of raisins & peanut butter, frozen yogurt tubes  
  • Cut food lengthwise, changing the shape from a disc or ball to a quarter circle or strip shape, for younger children <3 y/o
  • Encourage children to take their time, sit while eating, & chew chew chew

TOYS & STUFF

An average toddler's trachea (windpipe) is nearly 1" in diameter

  • Coins & Caps
  • Marbles & Buttons
  • Latex Balloons
  • Batteries
  • Any small toy or toy with small removable parts 
  • Create your own tester: use an empty toilet paper roll to test the safety of small toys in your home




CAR SEATS & BOOSTERS

“Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of
death for children from 3 to 14 years old.”

  • Most car seats & boosters expire every 6 years, 
 check the expiration dates
  • You may need to replace your car seats after a motor vehicle accident
  • Always seat kids in the back seat

CAR SEATS
  • Rear facing until child is at least 2 year old 
  • Forward facing until 4 years old & 40 lbs, then switch to a booster

BOOSTER SEATS
  • Used until child is 8 years old, > 4 ft 9 inches & 80 lbs












SAFETY TIPS
Every parent & caregiver should consider being trained in infant/child CPR
In case of an emergency proper training can save a child's life.  Empower yourself by learning infant CPR child CPR.
Many hospitals and community programs, such as the American Red Cross, offer infant/child CPR.  There are also online CPR training options available.


The Heimlich Maneuver




  • Consider taking an infant & child first aid class to learn more




Preventable ER Visits, CPR & Heimlich Links, Car Seats & Boosters, Helmets, Choking Hazards...Water Safety coming soon 
4 COMMON ER VISITS 
You Can Help Your Child Avoid

1- NURSEMAID's ELBOW
- Injury to the elbow where a bone is subluxed from the elbow 
- Most common in children under 5-6 y/o
- Once it occurs re-occurrence is more likely
Prevention Tips:
1. Avoid lifting a child up by pulling on their hands/wrists
2. Avoid swinging children by hands/wrists
3. Be careful when walking with a child who falls easily or purposefully
4. Be careful when walking quickly to hurry a slow child along
5. Be cautious when pulling arms through jackets

2- LEG FRACTURE DUE TO TRAMPOLINE INJURY
    How it happens: When jumping out of phase, the smaller child gets an energy transfer from the larger child or                       adult. This translates to an impact on their bones equivalent to falling from a height on a solid surface.
Prevention Tips:
1. Avoid overcrowding the trampoline
2. Avoid mixing sizes, specifically weights, on the trampoline..big kids with big & small kids with small

3- BROKEN ARM DUE TO FALL FROM MONKEY BARS
- Almost 2x more common site of fracture then on slides & swings
Prevention Tips: 
1. Proper supervision & support
2. Check surface under bars to make sure they are properly padded

4- HEAD TRAUMA DUE TO LACK OF HELMET
Common Visits PROVIDED BY: ER Nurse @ CHOP (Children's Hospital of Philadelphia)

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Late updated 2016